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Article

Research Paper

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea 2016; 20(3): 358-362

Published online June 25, 2016 https://doi.org/10.3807/JOSK.2016.20.3.358

Copyright © Optical Society of Korea.

Optical Encryption of a Binary Image by Phase Modulation of the Wavefront

Jaehun Song1, Inkyu Moon2, and Yeonho Lee1

1College of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University; 2Department of Computer Engineering, Chosun University

Received: February 18, 2016; Revised: April 11, 2016; Accepted: April 12, 2016

Abstract

We present a new scheme for optical encryption of a binary image. In our method, the original binary data page is first divided into two identical pages. In each data page, the “on” and “off” pixels are represented by two discrete phases that are 90° apart. The first page corresponds to the phase conjugation of the second page, and vice versa. In addition, the wavefront of the two data pages is changed simultaneously from planar to spherical, for better encryption. The wavefront modification is represented by an extra phase shift, which is a function of position on the wavefront. In this way the two separate pages are both encrypted, and therefore the pages cannot be distinguished in a CCD. If the first page is used as an encrypted data page, then the second page is used as the decryption key, and vice versa. The decryption can be done by simply combining the two encrypted data pages. It is shown in our experiment that encryption and decryption can be fully accomplished in the optical domain.

Keywords: Optical security, Encryption, Phase modulation,

OCIS codes: 100.0100; 100.4998; 060.4785; 060.5060